Tutorials & Guides
As of January 1, 2016, Financial Training condensed its materials into a “one stop shop” site. Please visit us at u.osu.edu/financialtraining for the most current information.”
Quick Reference Guides
These Guides are maintained by the Office of Financial Training in pdf file format. Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view and print these guides.
DEBITS AND CREDITS (PDF)
Debit and credits are used to make changes to, or state the amount of, items on a financial statement. When using the Universitys General Ledger (central accounting system), knowledge of debits and credits is needed for the following purposes:
- To create online transactions and record deposits
- To read any General Ledger report whose number ends in "61" or "91"
- To recognize credits recorded by Accounts Payable
- To interpret data found using online inquiry ("Master Inquiry," "Journal Inquiry," or "Ledger Inquiry")
The Debits and Credits chart shows the various contexts in which debits and credits are used, and their meaning, based on the context.
Note that in the General Ledger, when information is expressed in terms of debits and credits, the credit is indicated by a dash preceding the dollar amount (example 50.00). A debit is indicated by the lack of any sign.
This reference guide shows each of the fields on the basic Standard Monthly General Ledger reports and describes what each field means. The following reports are covered:
- GLU007OS-90, which provides a summary Income Statement for each individual ChartField combination
- GLU004OS-91, which provides monthly detail of the transactions that have taken place in each Income Statement
- GLU009OS-45, which provides a high-level summary of Income Statement activity
- GLU003OS-61, which provides a one-line summary of Balance Sheets
- GLU006OS-91, which provides detail Balance Sheet information for a single Balance Sheet
This reference guide shows the types of funds an academic department most frequently used and gives a basic explanation of how each type of fund operates.
This reference guide shows the principal items one could expect to see on a Balance Sheet for a university fund and how to monitor them.